Cerebellar Ataxia refers to a disorder which is occurs due to damage or inflammation in cerebellum. Cerebellum is a part of the brain which is responsible to control the balance and coordination. During Cerebellar Ataxia, it is unable to function properly. It affects the nervous system by decreasing balance and coordination, generally in the legs and arms. The term “Ataxia” here refers to the lack of fine control of voluntary movements. There are 3 types of cerebellar ataxia – acute, chronic progressive and recurrent forms all with similar symptoms and treatment. Mostly, young children are diagnosed with acute cerebellar ataxia following a viral infection. Current and chronic cerebellar ataxia may occur due to stroke, migraine, multiple sclerosis, brain tumors, seizures and other genetic, acute or autoimmune diseases. Therefore, professional must only perform the treatment of this disorder.
Symptoms of Cerebellar Ataxia and its Diagnosis
The symptoms of cerebellar ataxia may appear as uncoordinated movements in the limbs, unsteadiness, clumsiness, abnormal eye movements and also visual complaints. A physician does Its diagnosis through tests such as spinal tap, MRI, CT scan, blood tests, urine test and nerve conduction study.
Treatment of Cerebellar Ataxia
Its treatment includes treating the underlying condition and symptoms. Moreover, medications are also used sometimes for better improvement of the coordination along with occupational or physical therapy. Generally, the patients get reference for a physiotherapist or Neuro-physiotherapist at an early stage. Rehabilitation is effective in improving postural disorders in patients with Cerebellar Ataxia. Physical therapies are beneficial to improve balance and posture against outside stimuli, increase joint stabilization, develop independent functional gait and also promote independence of the patient.
Therapy of Balance
The major symptom of Cerebellar Ataxia is the lack of balance. Therefore, Physical therapies are ideal to help improve the balance. A certified physician must prescribe these therapies which will be further carry out by an experienced Physiotherapist. Mat activities such as moving onto the forearms from lying face down; crawling; and moving onto the knees and into a sitting position helps in stabilizing the trunk and proximal muscles. Moreover, gait training must also be included as it is an excellent indicator of stabilization and balance.
Video-Game based Coordinative Training
This training is beneficial for children suffering from ataxia because it focuses on intensive coordination training which makes use of whole-body controlled video games. A child who could not walk without support has shown improvement in an 8 week training program of this technique. These are best effective when perform by a physiotherapist to ensure the correct movements and safety.
Therapy for Proprioception
Cerebellum controls the Proprioception which involves knowing where the body parts are located in space and in relation to each other. This therapy includes plyometric exercises, balance board and mini trampoline exercises. Vibration and suit therapies are also two most popular therapies to improve proprioception, posture and movement. One can also add Yoga in the treatment plan. This therapy should be prescribed by a physician and hence carried out by a professional Physiotherapist.
Biofeedback for balance and gait
The use of several forms of biofeedback has been beneficial in bringing improvements in the patients with cerebellar ataxia. Consequently, Biofeedback of head position has improved postural sway. It is delivered with the help of a tongue-placed electro-tactile system with eyes closed.
Indo Global Physiotherapy
Indo Global Physiotherapy is a leading physiotherapy clinic in Gurgaon. Our physiotherapists are experienced, highly qualified and certified to provide effective treatments. Moreover, apart from the excellent treatments we also provide additional therapies. In addition to this our physiotherapists also offer In-Home session treatments. Meanwhile, our services are available 24*7. Subsequently, you can visit our website www.indoglobalphysiotherapy.com or contact us at 0124-4197463 or 9711631785 to book an appointment now!