Cardiovascular disease includes all the diseases related to heart and circulation. The fat deposits in the arteries (blood vessels that deliver oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the body tissues) can result in formation of clots. These clots may cut off the supply of blood to the heart and result in a heart attack or to the brain resulting in a stroke. According to a survey, almost 2.8 million people died due to cardiovascular disease in India in 2016 and more than half of the deaths were in people than 70 years of age. Some of the daily activities that lead to Heart disease are smoking, unhealthy diet, high blood pressure and lack of exercise. However, there are ways in which one can avoid this critical condition which we will be discussing further in this blog.
Symptoms of Cardiovascular disease
CVD or Cardiovascular disease occurs when the heart gets damaged due to the narrowing or blocking of the coronary arteries (blood vessels that supply blood to the heart muscle). When insufficient blood reaches the heart, it leads to chest pain (angina pectoris) and may also result in heart attack. This narrowing of arteries occurs due to the patches of cholesterol rich fat deposits and blood clots forming on these patches. Therefore, one might derive from this that the Angina is the most common symptom of coronary artery disease. It can be specified by discomfort, heaviness, aching, squeezing, pressure or painful feeling in the chest. However, other symptoms include shortness of breath, sweating, dizziness and palpitations. If a person is suspecting a heart attack they must quickly seek medical assistance since this is a medical emergency.
Physiotherapy for Cardiovascular Disease
Recovering from a heart attack might take several months or even more. Physiotherapists offers Cardiac Rehabilitation programmes to improve the patient’s health and quality of life. Moreover, they can also reduce the length of hospital stays and number of re-admissions to hospital. The Physiotherapist will teach relaxation techniques, breathing exercises as well as exercises to gradually strengthen the leg and trunk muscles. Furthermore, gentle activities such as regular walking is brought into habit.
How it helps?
Physiotherapy can help a patient become independent and get back on their feet both physically and emotionally. The treatment plan includes exercises, education and support right from the moment you are admitted in a hospital to the time you return to your daily life and activities. Their rehabilitation programmes can show you ways to change your habits in order to improve your health and even help you with returning to work, if suitable. Throughout the treatment, the Physiotherapist’s ultimate goal is to rebuild the patient’s confidence, improve their exercise tolerance and teach them ways to recognize the signs and symptoms of excess exercise.
Role of exercises
Regular aerobic exercises helps decrease the heart rate and blood pressure at rest as well as during exercise. This results in reducing of the work load on heart and therefore helps alleviate the angina symptoms. In addition to this, regular exercise also improves muscle functioning and the ability to take in and utilise oxygen better. Physiotherapists plays a vital role in the team of health professionals running these Cardiac Rehabilitation programmes. They are the third largest health profession after doctors and nurses.
Physiotherapy treatment plan
Physiotherapists helps develop a treatment plan by considering factor such as the patient’s age, lifestyle, health history, habits and disease severity. Since, exercises play a major role in tackling a heart disease, therefore they will be a key component of the treatment plan. The Physiotherapist will make an assessment in details regarding the disease, problems and recovery. They will help identify the problems as well as prioritize your personal goals. Moreover, they will also advice and support you to bring changes in your lifestyle such as bringing exercises and walking into habit. Every discussion between the physio and the patient remains confidential. So you must try not to hide anything you think might be a cause of disease or a hurdle in recovery. Following the assessment, the physiotherapist will offer a cardiac rehab class including education, exercise sessions and emotional support if required.
Indo Global Physiotherapy
Indo Global Physiotherapy is a leading physiotherapy clinic in Gurgaon. Our physiotherapists are highly trained, qualified and experienced to provide expert care to the patients. They are certified and fully insured. With their extensive clinical experience in the management of Cardiovascular disease, they provide excellent advice and guidance throughout the rehabilitation programme.
Get best Physiotherapist at home
With the help of detailed assessment, they prescribe appropriate exercises that will help alleviate the symptoms as well as risk factors related to other heart conditions. In addition, we also provide in-home treatment sessions for those who find it difficult to travel for every Physiotherapy session. With this the patient gets individual attention and also helps the Physiotherapist to keep a better record of improvement. Meanwhile, you can visit our website www.indoglobalphysiotherapy.com and contact us 0124-4197463 or 9711631785 at to book an appointment.