Orthopaedic Physiotherapy is a branch of physiotherapy which is concerned with the treatment of injuries or disorders of the musculoskeletal system (made up of muscles, bones, joints and ligaments of the body) that has been subject to injury or trauma such as sprains, strains, post-surgery, post fracture, and repetitive injuries. It also includes pre and post-operative rehabilitation of shoulder, knee and hip. An orthopaedic physiotherapist will carry out a clinical assessment for diagnosis followed by appropriate treatments of the disorders and injuries of the musculoskeletal system. The treatment goal of the orthopaedic physiotherapist is to rehabilitate patients post orthopaedic surgery, provide relief from pain, increase the joint range, improve strength and flexibility and also restore the patient to full body functioning.
Orthopaedic physiotherapists are trained in treating post-operative joints, acute sports injuries and arthritis. Meanwhile people who have suffered from injury or disease affecting their bones, muscles, joints, ligaments or tendons of the body can get relief from Orthopaedic Physiotherapy.
Conditions treated by Orthopaedic Physiotherapy
The orthopaedic physiotherapists excel in treating all musculoskeletal disorders with their excellent physical therapies and also additional therapies. However, some common conditions are:
- Pre and Post-Surgical care of musculoskeletal disorders
- Muscle and Ligament Strain, Sprain or tear
- Balance or Vertigo Rehabilitation
- Fracture Rehabilitation
- Spinal Stabilization Disorders
- Inflammation of Tendons or Bursa
- Accident or Work injuries
- Myofascial release
- Surgical Rehabilitation of Hip, Shoulder, Knees and Foot/ Ankle
- Back/ Neck Rehabilitation
- Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis
- Anklyosing Spondylitis
Orthopaedic Physiotherapy Assessment
The Physiotherapist will follow a series of steps while preparing the treatment plan for the patient.
- Analysing of patient’s history
- Observing the patient
- Examining the patient’s movements
- Carrying out Special tests
- Understanding the reflexes and cutaneous distribution
- Using joint play movements
- Palpations for physical examination
- Diagnostic imaging tests (such as X-rays)
In Orthopaedic Physiotherapy while examining the musculoskeletal system of a patient, it is important to keep the functioning concept in mind. Throughout the interview and examination, the physiotherapist will note down any abnormalities. Therefore, they may even ask you to perform a complete active range of motion with each joint or sets of joints to inspect the extremities and trunk for any abnormalities. Subsequently,the Physiotherapists will perform the examination using the classic techniques of inspection, palpation and manipulation, starting by dividing the musculoskeletal system into functional parts.
Orthopaedic Physiotherapy Treatment
Once the proper assessment and examination has been done, the physiotherapist might include the following treatments for the condition.
Manual Therapy –
An orthopaedic physiotherapist will use manual therapy to reduce the pain and restore the normal mobility of the joints since this is a carefully graded system of moving the joints. Moreover, manual therapy involves mobilization, manipulation and other similar methods.
Massage Therapy –
It varies from relaxing light pressure massage to deep friction massage to breakdown scar tissues in muscle or ligaments.
Dry-Needling Therapy –
It is a western medical therapy which involves inserting fine needles into dysfunctional muscles which as a result changes the way a patient’s body feels pain and helps the body heal trigger points. Consequently, Dry needling therapy causes electrical and biochemical changes that assist in the healing process.
In this therapy two interfering electric currents are sent into the injured body part via 2 or 4 electrodes giving the patient pins or needles pricking sensation. As a result, this helps in reducing swelling, relieving pain and optimising the healing process.
Ultrasound Therapy –
In this therapy, the physio will use an electrical machine which produces ultrasonic waves. They will transmit these waves into the affected body part using conducting gel. It provides deep heat micro-massage and electrical stimulation simultaneously, promoting circulation, reducing pain and increasing the regenerative powers of tissues and helping in muscle relaxation.
Indo Global Physiotherapy
Indo Global Physiotherapy is one of the best Physiotherapy Clinics in Gurgaon. Our Orthopaedic Physiotherapists excel in treating various conditions. Moreover, they are highly qualified, certified and experienced to provide effective Orthopaedic Physiotherapy. Moreover we offer a wide range of treatment methods to help alleviate pain and hence speed up recovery. We also provide in-home treatment sessions for patients who find it difficult to travel for every session. Meanwhile, you can visit our website www.indoglobalphysiotherapy.com and contact us at 0124-4197463 or 9711631785 to book an appointment today!